The following article was written by Lena as a part of her revision for the a-levels on English Language in 2005. I hope this will be handy for anyone having to revise for “English GK”
The poem consists of four stanzas, which have got six lines. The rhyme scheme in the first four lines is a cross rhyme, the last two lines end with a pair rhyme. Wordsworth uses many metaphors and similes in his poem to clarify the speaker’s happy experiences in nature. The manifold choice of words creates a peaceful, harmful atmosphere. There are detailed descriptions and a kind of a birds eye view in the whole four stanzas. The reader can very detailed imagine what the speaker describes. The simile in the first line, shows that the speaker is free, but also lonesome.
In the third and fourth line the poet uses the metaphor “a crowd, a host of golden daffodils” to compare the daffodils with people, because when thinking of “a crowd” you think of human beings. The personification in the last line of the first stanza (fluttering and dancing) underlines the association to a human behavior. The second stanza is also full of simile, but here Wordsworth compares the daffodils with stars. The verbs “shine” and “twinkle” and also the noun “milky way” leads to the association of stars and the universe. The expression “never-ending line” in the third line supports the image of the universe in this case. The sentence “Ten thousand….” clarify the “never ending line”. The personification in the last line “tossing their heads in sprightly dance”, is also a comparison to human behavior.
In the third stanza Wordsworth wants to amplify the peacefully mood, when he says “The waves besides them danced”. That means that not only the daffodils “danced” but also its environment.
The contrast between the lonesome feeling of the speaker on the one hand, but also the happy memories or experiences with nature one the other hand show that looking at the daffodils made the speaker feel better than he did before. This idea is supported by the last line of poem, where he says his heart “with pleasure fills, and dances with the daffodils” whenever he thinks of them.